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George Washington's Mount Vernon", Stephan Salisbury, "City honors Washington's slave - and 'power of archaeology'", "Slave's escape commemorated at President's House", "The President's House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation", "Colonial Williamsburg HERO Live! ONA JUDGE STAINES A Thirst for Complete Freedom & Her Escape from President Washington By Evelyn Gerson. Oney's half-brother, Austin, also worked in the presidential households. Not only was she a runaway, but she was a runaway from our founding father, George Washington, and his wife Martha. 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Ownership of Oney Judge and her three children now passed to relatives on Martha’s side of the family, but there’s no evidence that they ever tried to reclaim Judge under the Fugitive Slave Act. The daughter of Betsy, an enslaved seamstress, and Andrew Judge, a white English tailor, Oney was moved into Mount Vernon's main house at about age 10, probably as a playmate for Martha Washington's granddaughter Nelly Custis. Ona, known as Oney, stayed with her mother at Mount Vernon. Judge moved off the plantation to start a farm. If Thomas Jefferson went to Britain, or France or Prussia and asked to buy white people to use as slaves, what do you think the answer is? Washington considered having her abducted and returned by ship — Portsmouth's collector of customs, Joseph Whipple, interrogated Oney and reported back to the President — but the plan was abandoned after Whipple warned that if news of it became public there would be a riot on the docks. She was the daughter of Betty, an enslaved seamstress living on Mansion House Farm, and Andrew Judge, a white English tailor whom Washington hired from 1772 to 1784. This week we will hear Emily Arnold McCully's The Escape of Oney Judge. The surname Oney was first found in Buckinghamshire at Olney, a market town and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes. Staines and all 3 children predeceased Oney. "Oh, it's bad! Washington in NH. Ona "Oney" Judge Staines (c. 1773 – February 25, 1848) was an African American woman enslaved to the Washington family, first at the family's plantation at Mount Vernon and later, after George Washington became president, at the President's House in Philadelphia, then the nation's capital city. Why Not Berlin. This children's book tells the true story of Oney Judge, a young African American woman who was a slave in George Washington's presidential household. In May or June 1796, after learning that the First Lady had promised her as a wedding present to another granddaughter, Oney made escape plans. More is known about her than any other Mount Vernon slave because she was interviewed by two abolitionist newspapers in the 1840s. Oney had three children with Jack Staines. She escaped to freedom from the President's House in May 1796, and was hidden by Philadelphia's free-black community. Because of this law, Oney Judge Staines spent the last 52 years of her life as a fugitive. In 1789, around age 16, she was brought to Philadelphia with Washington’s household as he took on the first presidency, at 6th and Market streets in Old City. Washington rotated the President's House slaves out of state to prevent their establishing legal residency, itself a violation of Pennsylvania law, but the President's actions were never challenged. She was a dower slave that came to Martha upon the death of her 1st husband, Daniel Parke Custis. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. I do not think that reparations should still be being handed out to the descendants of slaves.  From other records we know that her mother was of mixed race, that there … "~Oney Christopher "Chris" O'Neill, also known as OneyNG or simply Oney, is the head honcho of the Oney Plays gang and was the co-host of Game Grumps show Doodle Doods with Ross O'Donovan and is most commonly known for creating the gayest cartoons of the 2000's. Legally, Oney's children also were "dower" slaves, even though their father was a freeman, and they had been born and lived their entire lives in New Hampshire. In late May 21, 1796 one of Martha Washington's slaves, Oney Judge, escaped from the Executive Mansion in Philadelphia, where she lived with the Washingtons during his presidency, serving as Martha's chambermaid. A servant in Washington's presidential households beginning in 1789, she escaped to freedom from Philadelphia on Saturday, May 21, 1796, and defied his attempts to recapture her. Those people would all have been directly effected by slavery. Born about 1773 at Mount Vernon, Judge began laboring in the mansion when she was ten years old. Oney was among 7 slaves brought to New York City in 1789 to work in the first presidential residence, and, following the transfer of the national capital to Philadelphia in 1790, she was among 9 to work in The President's House. Oney Judge was the enslaved personal attendant of Martha Custis Washington when she ran away from the President's House in Philadelphia in 1796. Notable Persons With the Last Name Oney. She was trusted by the Washingtons and was thus able to mingle with members of the burgeoning free Black community of Philadelphia when out doing errands for the household. http://www.ushistory.org/presidentshouse/slaves/on... How was life for you people who were alive in the 80's without cellphones and internet? The place dates back to 979 where it was listed as Ollanege. I don't believe that people now a days are still directly effected by the slavery that took place, and as such should not be getting paid for the suffering of their ancestors. Known historically as Oney Judge, Oney was born into slavery in Mt. Oney Judge was a young female slave owned by Martha and George Washington. Oney speaks to us from the pages of history: ""I escaped one night in May 1796 when the President and Miss Martha were eating their dinner."" Vernon and served as Martha Washington’s personal maid both in New York and Philadelphia. Why are the Brits historically better troops than the loudmouth american ? Oney Judge, on the other hand, was a Custis dower slave. If the ex-slave, child, or even grandchild were the ones receiving it, I wouldn't have an issue because it would be well deserved money. 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